Inside this issue, the interview with Eduardo Freitas underscores the recent establishment and most notable features of the GEOeduc Institute in Brazil. The permanent columns share, on the one hand, the 2017 goals on SDI capacity building of the GeoSUR Program and on the other, relevant aspects of integration for the Americas discussed in the framework of the 47th Meeting of the Directing Council of the PAIGH, which in 2017 commemorates its 89 years.

The Bulletin is available in two languages: Spanish, English, and Portuguese.

Inside this issue are announced the Call for the 5th edition of GeoSUR Prize, and the launch of the North Andean Integrated Map (MIAN). The two interviews of the month, on one hand share achievements of the Chilean SDI and issues of SDI in the Americas, and on the other, collect the experience of an intern at CAF. The 6th Meeting of UNGGIM Committee of Experts, and the PAIGH Programs under the framework of UN Sustainable Development Goals 2030 are highlighted in the permanent columns.

The Bulletin is available in two languages: Spanish and English.

In 2012 the PAIGH and CAF presented in the portal GeoSUR the first version of the Integrated Digital Map for Central America as a first step towards the construction of the Integrated Digital Map of Latin America. In a consistent and complementary fashion, PAIGH and CAF now launch a second one, the North Andean Integrated Map (MIAN v1).

The map is a dataset of official, digital, vector, standardized, continuous and fundamental (or reference) geodata at resolution 1: 250 000 covering the countries of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama and Peru. MIAN incorporates six layers (administrative boundaries, hydrography, settlements, roads, terrain morphology and miscellany) containing in turn 15 geographic objects. It should be noted that the contours of the geographical object "Country" are only references, guidance, approximate and have no official, no probative value, in line with the provisions of the Organic Statute of the PAIGH.

The MIAN has been developed according to the family of ISO standards 19100 and OGC standards, so it is now available as a WMS 1.3.0 service in this Geoportal GeoSUR under a license CC BY 4.0 in the form:

CC BY 4.0 CAF, IPGH, GeoSUR Program, IGM Bolivia, Colombia IGAC, IGM Ecuador, IGNTG Panama, Peru IGN

The MIAN has been prepared under the auspices of CAF and PAIGH GeoSUR Program and has received technical support from CNIG of Spain and the USGS. This is a project that has been exemplary in terms of institutional collaboration as in the production process have involved the IGM of Bolivia, the IGAC in Colombia, the IGM of Ecuador, the IGNTG of Panama and IGN of Peru, in an stimulating atmosphere and very positive teamwork.

The MIAN specifications document and catalogs for objects and representations:

Inside this issue, the results and the projection of the proposed adaptation of Dartmouth Flood Observatory data products for GeoSUR are shared. The interview of the month highlights the work of IGN and its role in managing the IDE Argentina. Permanent columns highlight the role of specialists who develop the project MIAN and advertise relevant purposes to the 47th Directing Council meeting to be held in November in Paraguay.

The Bulletin is available in one language: Spanish.

Between May 16-20 took place the 4th Workshop of the Integrated Digital Map of Northern South America (MIAN), led by PAIGH and GeoSUR Program, with support of the CAF and technical cooperation provided by the National Geographic Information Center (CNIG) of Spain and the USGS. This project builds upon activities developed since 2009 in Central America when a method for collaboration between national geographic institutes was agreed to respond to the lack of continuous digital spatial information bases in the region. With the participation of delegates from Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru and Uruguay, the Workshop was held in Rio de Janeiro at the headquarters of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). With the incorporation of Brazil, the largest country in the region with near 8000 km of border with neighboring countries,  contribution of the largest country in the region is important and relevant to build the future Integrated Digital Map of South America (MIAS).

Inside this issue, the interview with Felipe Fonseca focuses on the development of a geospatial application based on SDI for the agricultural sector in Colombia. In the permanent columns are shared the new geoscientific infrastructure underlying the GeoSUR Geoportal 2016 version that is based on a thorough vision to increasing its usability; as well, as the continuity in efforts to aligning –with relevant detail-, the Pan-American Agenda with that of UN 2030 for Sustainable Development.

The Bulletin is available in two languages: Spanish and English.

In this issue, the interview with Valerie Grant underscores the reasons and progress for a regional SDI in the Caribbean. In the permanent columns are shared, from one side, a reflection on the new adjectives that come to receive the SDIs in the context of training offering, and from the other, the different ways in which the availability of quality geospatial data and of SDI in different geographical levels in the Americas can support the achievement of sustainable development goals in the medium term.

The Bulletin is available in two languages: Spanish and English.

In this newsletter, the interview of the month highlights the development of Geoserver Platform by the Ministry of Environment (in Spanish MINAM) Directorate General on Territorial Ordering of Peru, which has strengthened the national SDI. Permanent columns, on one side include concerns on the relationship between both geographic information production and SDI initiatives, with institutional management stability; and on the other, denote the scientific strategy of PAIGH to consolidate multinational research projects of great depth in the region in the short term.

The Bulletin is available in two languages: Spanish and English.

2015 left us with positive experiences. The best part was the participation in the GeoSUR Newsletter by those who contributed interesting interviews and shared their significant initiatives. We included two new sections: "How to discover and view GeoSUR data?" and the "Specialized article." We also created the new GeoSUR channel in Youtube, and our readers progressively increased. THANK YOU!

We wish you happy holidays and a successful, interesting and happy 2016!!

The Bulletin is available in two languages: Spanish and English.

We highlight in this issue the Digital Map of Mexico, winner of GeoSUR Award 2015, as well as a specialized-article on the role of geographic institutes in the 21st century. The results of the 8th GeoSUR Meeting held in Cartagena, Colombia, and the "Sponsorship Agreement" signed between the Environmental Agency of Abu Dhabi (EAD) and the Pan-American Institute of Geography and History (PAIGH) are discussed in our permanent columns; these are coupled efforts that bring together both organizations around geoinformation and SDI at different territorial levels. 

El Boletín está disponible en dos idiomas: Spanish and English.